This working paper develops and applies an analytical and empirical modelling framework which integrates a sheep flock growth model with and economic model for simulating sheep meat and milk production for ex-ante assessment of the financial profitability of investment interventions to improve sheep production in mixed crop–livestock and agro-pastoral and pastoral production systems in Ethiopia.
Sheep rearing is an important part of livestock production in Ethiopia and sheep milk could offer additional nutritional and income benefits for the country’s smallholder farmers.
Part I of this working paper classifies small ruminant sub-systems in the mixed crop livestock system in Ethiopia. In Part II, important determinants of small ruminant productivity and producers’ input use and marketing strategies were analysed across the six small ruminant sub-systems identified in Part I.
Despite their economic and social importance, socioeconomic and marketing research on small ruminants has so far been limited, a fact which also holds strongly true in Ethiopia. This study, based on survey data of 5004 Ethiopian smallholder households, uses analysis of descriptive information and econometric analysis to draw implications to promote market orientation.
This study, based on survey data of 5004 Ethiopian smallholder households that was collected out by the LIVES project, describes the existing situation and the economic impacts in households involved in small ruminant production with regard to herd size, access to market and involvement of institutional services such as extension and credit.
LIVES has introduced new feeding, breeding and milk production technologies to boost smallholder livestock production in Ethiopia.
Oestrous Synchronization and Mass Artificial Insemination (OSMAI) in cattle has now been fully taken-up by Regional Livestock Resource Development and Promotion Agency and its zonal and district offices in Ethiopia. The current support of LIVES project on OSMAI in cattle is limited to generating scientific evidence that can help fine-tune the approach and efficiency of the technology under different framing conditions. The project is also focusing on genetic improvement of sheep through hormone assisted estrus synchronization. The first round of OSMAI on sheep was undertaken at Debre Birhan Sheep breeding and Multiplication center.